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Maps & Geospatial Data

Background

The Home Owners’ Loan Corporation (HOLC )was created in June 1933 by the US Congress. The purpose was to refinance mortgages in default to prevent foreclosures. In 1935 Federal Home Loan Bank Board asked HOLC to look at 239 cities and create "residential security maps" to indicate the level of security for real-estate investments. On the maps, the newest areas — those considered desirable for lending purposes — were outlined in blue and known as "Type A". These were typically affluent suburbs on the outskirts of cities. "Type B" neighborhoods were considered "Still Desirable", whereas older "Type C" neighborhoods were labeled "Declining" and outlined in yellow. "Type D" neighborhoods were outlined in red and were considered the most risky for mortgage support.

Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redlining

Restrictions & Copyright

This collection is “Unrestricted,” according to the Archival Research Catalog for “ARC Identifier 720357” on the NARA website:  http://www.archives.gov/research/catalog/

How to Cite

The Chicago manual of style
The Ohio State University Libraries, 2013. Federal HOLC "Redlining" Maps for Ohio Cities. Accessed [month day].

Ohio Cities

Fourteen of these cities were in Ohio. The maps were usually hand drawn and hand colored and not published. The area descriptions were typed or hand written on forms. The surviving maps and area descriptions are in the National Archives. In late 2012 the Ohio State University Libraries purchased digital copies of the maps and area descriptions for the fourteen Ohio cities. Two cities, Columbus and Cincinnati, do not have area descriptions, only a map. It is these digital copies that are made available for download here. Maps and area descriptions will open in a new window. Maps are jepg images, area descriptions are pdfs -- Some of the files are quite large.

City Map Area Description
Akron map (21.8 MB) Area descriptions (5,849 KB)
Canton map (15.9 MB) Area descriptions (9,226 KB)
Cincinnati map (2.68 MB) no area descriptions were found in National Archives
Cuyahoga County (Cleveland) 1940 map (19 MB)
1936 map (16 MB)
Area descriptions are divided by “Type A-D” and “Type C” is divided East and West of the Cuyahoga River. The Type A file includes the introduction and explanation. These descriptions best correspond to the 1940 version.
    Type A (26,221 KB)
    Type B (36,510 KB)
    Type C West side (C1-C33) (20,259 KB)
    Type C East side (C34-C76) (25,819 KB)
    Type D (19,902 KB)
Columbus map (12.2 MB) no area descriptions were found in National Archives
Dayton map (20.3 MB) Area descriptions (8,911 KB)
Hamilton map (7.16 MB) Area descriptions (1,477 KB)
Lima map (9.84 MB) Area descriptions (2,274 KB)
Lorain map (7.14 MB) Area descriptions (8,454 KB)
Portsmouth map (7.00 MB) Area descriptions (1,079 KB)
Springfield map (8.32 MB) Area descriptions (1,529 KB)
Toledo map (18.3 MB) Area descriptions (6,994 KB)
Warren map (9.50 MB) Area descriptions (7,139 KB)
Youngstown map (20.0 MB) Area descriptions (3,139 KB)

Federal HOLC Maps for Cities outside Ohio

These are websites with enhanced and in some cases interactive maps:

Urban Oasis has just the digital HOLC Map for these cities:
Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham, Boston, Bronx, NY, Brooklyn, NY, Charleston, WV, Chicago (South), Chicago (North), Detroit, Flint, MI, Grand Rapids, MI, Jersey City, NJ (Hudson Co.), Kalamazoo, Los Angeles Central (1), Los Angeles North (2), Los Angeles East (3), Los Angeles South (4), Miami, Manhattan, Muncie, Newark, NJ (Essex Co.), New Orleans, Norfolk, Oakland/Berkeley, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland, OR, Queens, NY, Richmond, Roanoke, St. Louis, Seattle, Washington D.C.

Jan Wagner

Jan Wagner

Sources

National Archives  http://www.archives.gov/research/catalog/

Thanks to John Brennan, Assistant Professor - Department of Public and International Affairs, University of North Carolina at Wilmington for improved copies of the Cleveland maps.

City Survey Files, compiled 1935 – 1940
ARC Identifier 720357 / MLR Number A1 39
Series from Record Group 195: Records of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, 1933 - 1989

Residential Security Maps, compiled 1933 - 1939
ARC Identifier 3620183 / Local Identifier RG 195:HOLC-City Statistics
Series from Record Group 195: Records of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, 1933 - 1989

Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity

The Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity is an interdisciplinary engaged research institute at The Ohio State University established in May 2003.  It was named for former university president William E. “Brit” Kirwan in recognition of his efforts to champion diversity at OSU.

Our goal is to connect individuals and communities with opportunities needed for thriving by educating the public, building the capacity of allied social justice organizations, and investing in efforts that support equity and inclusion. Here at the Kirwan Institute we do this through research, engagement, and communication.

Our mission is simple: we work to create a just and inclusive society where all people and communities have opportunity to succeed.

 

Please contact the Kirwan Institute for more assistance with the Redlining Maps.