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JAPANESE 8500 - Japanese Bibliography and Research Methods

Problems and procedures in the use of Japanese bibliographies and other reference materials, including electronic sources.

Translated Literature

Digital Library

Finding English Articles

Index to Japanese Language Articles

Useful Websites

Japanese Calendrical Systems

Two number systems for years are commonly used in Japan:

  1. Gregorian Calendar - the western calendar year system commonly used in US. e.g. 2015
  2. Nengō 年号 - calendar year system based on the reigns of emperors.e.g. Heisei 27 or 平成二十七年 

Romanization Standards

The libraries follow the romanization standards used in the Library of Congress

Chinese  -  pinyin romanization system, however some older titles still has titles using the Wade-Giles romanization system.

Japanese - Modified Hepburn romanization system

Korean - McCune-Reischauer system

Encyclopedias & General Resources