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APA Style

APA style is commonly used in the social and behavioral sciences. This guide is based on the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

When you use a source in your work, you will include it in an alphabetical reference list at the end of your paper or assignment. To indicate to the reader which source you are using, you will use in-text citations that refer to the full reference. Include page numbers in the in-text citation only when directly quoting from a source.  When paraphrasing from a source, omit the in-text page numbers. Please note that the citation style for online journal articles includes the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) when it is available.  Also, after the first line, citations should be indented 1/2 inch on the references list.

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association

Call number: BF76.7 .P83 2020  - Thompson Library Grand Reading Room - In Library Use Only

 

Examples

Journal Article (One Author)

Reference list:
Radvansky, G. A. (2009). Spatial directions and situation model organization. Memory & Cognition, 37, 796-806. https://doi.org/10.3758/MC.37.6.796

In-text citation:

For direction quotation:
(Radvansky, 2009, p. 801)

For paraphrasing or summary:
(Radvansky, 2009)
 

Journal Article (Two Authors)

Reference list:
Hanggi, E. B., & Ingersoll, J. F. (2009). Long-term memory for categories and concepts in horses (Equus caballus). Animal Cognition, 12, 451-462. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-008-0205-9

In-text citation:
(Hanggi & Ingersoll, 2009)
 

Journal Article (Three to Twenty Authors)

Reference list:
Pashkova-Balkenhol, T., Lenker, M., Cox, E., & Kocevar-Weidinger, E. (2019). Should we flip the script?: A literature review of deficit-based perspectives on first-year undergraduate students’ information literacy. Journal of Information Literacy, 13(2), 92-111. https://doi.org/10.11645/13.2.2619

In-text citation:
(Pashkova-Balkenhol et al., 2019)
 

Newspaper Article (No Author)

Reference list:
Amazing Amazon region. (1989, January 12). New York Times, D11, D14.

In-text citation:
("Amazing Amazon region," 1989, p. D11)
 

Magazine Article (No Author)

Reference list:
The blood business. (1992, September 11). Time, 97, 47-48.
(NOTE: In the reference list, this would be alphabetized by the word "blood." A, an, and the are skipped when there is no author.)

In-text citation:
("Blood Business," 1992)
 

Magazine Article (One Author)

Reference list:
Kandel, E.R. (2000, November 10). Neuroscience: Breaking down scientific barriers to the study of brain and mind. Science, 290, 1113-1120.

In-text citation:
(Kandel, 2000)
 

Authored Encyclopedia Entry

Reference list:
Turnbull, A. R., & Lynch, M. (2010). Edinburgh. The New Encyclopædia Britannica (Vol. 17, pp. 963-969). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica.

In-text citation:
(Turnbull & Lynch, 2010)
 

Book (One Author)

Reference list:
Comer, R.J. (2010). Abnormal psychology. Worth.

In-text citation:

For direct quotations:
(Comer, 2010, p. 25)

For paraphrasing or summarizing:
(Comer, 2010)
 

Book (Corporate Author)

Reference list:
Ohio State University, College of Social Work. (1979). An assessment of social well-being in Franklin County: A report. Author.

In-text citation:
(Ohio State University, College of Social Work, 1979)


Book Chapter

Reference list:
Carey, J. P. (2001). Multinational enterprises. In L.L. Adler & U.P. Gielen (Eds.), Cross-cultural topics in psychology (2nd ed., pp. 201-212). Praeger.

In-text citation:
(Carey, 2001)

YouTube Video

Reference list:
University of California Television. (2012, August 31). Coping with stress: Cognitive-behavioral stress reduction [Video]. YouTube.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BbHW3H_xmo

In-text citation:
(University of California Television, 2012)
 

Webpage

Reference list:
Mayo Clinic Staff.  (2013, February 21).  Tests and procedures: Cognitive behavioral therapy. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cognitive-behavioral-therapy/basics/definition/prc-20013594

In-text citation:
(Mayo Clinic Staff, 2013)
 

Audio Podcast Episode

Reference list:
Kielty, M., & Padgett, K. (Producers). (2014, April 18). 60 words [Audio podcast episode]. In Radiolab. WNYC Studios. http://www.radiolab.org/story/60-words/

In-text citation:
(Kielty & Padgett, 2014)
 

Data Set

Reference list:
United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2016). Ohio income limits [Data set]. https://www.huduser.gov/portal/datasets/il/il16/FY16-IL-oh.pdf

In-text citation:
(United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, 2016)
 

Movie

Reference list:
Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993). Jurassic park [Film]. Universal Pictures.

 In-text citation:
(Spielberg, 1993)

Helpful APA Resources

Not able to access our copy of the Publication Manual? Feel like you need additional help? Here are a few more APA-related resources that you might find helpful!