The Ohio State University Libraries | Research Guides

Budget and Appropriations

Budgets and Appropriations - Other States

Most states unlike the federal government have some sort of balanced budget requirement.   How this requirement is codified varies from state to state.  The only state that currently has no such requirement is Vermont.  States generally divide their budgets into two types Capital and Operating.   Capital budgets cover concrete items such things as building bridges and roads, equipment, land acquisition, etc.  Capital budgets are generally for a limited time period.  In some states it may also include funding to local governments and public authorities for infrastructure improvements such as economic development.   Operating Budgets on the other hand cover ongoing funding needs of the state and its agencies for such things as salaries, etc.

Researching the budgets and appropriations of other states is done in much the same way as that in Ohio.  Because Nebraska has a unicameral legislature, its process is somewhat streamlined. But even Nebraska follows the general rule that the executive branch develops and submits a budget; the legislative branch studies it and appropriates funds; and the Governor then must sign a final version.


Current Governors. (National Governors Association)  Provides links to each state's governor’s official web site and the state’s official web site plus contact and biographical information on current governor, and former governors.

Government Libraries. (State & Local Government on the Net) 

HatiTrust Digital Library. (HatiTrust)  {Restricted Use}  Digital repository of books, reports, documents, etc. including budgets. 

LibWeb. (  Links to libraries throughout the world by geographical region then library type such as public, academic, etc. 

Newspapers. (The Ohio State University. University Libraries)  List of newspaper indices. 

State Government. (  Links to the official website of each state, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories, etc.

State Government Offices, Local US Government, City Government and Federal Government. (State and Local Government on the Net)  Links to the official websites of counties and municipalities within a state.  Select a State, then a county, etc.

States’ Proposed & Enacted Budgets. (National Association of State Budget Officers) 

Also check the state legislature’s and governor’s websites, newspapers and libraries, etc., many of which are available online.


Further Reading

Budget Processes in the States.  Washington, D.C.:  National Association of State Budget Officers, Summer 2008.

State and Local Taxes.  (Tax Policy Center)  General information on revenue streams for the State and Local Governments.