Although the U.S. Census Bureau produces 98% of the government statistics, more than 100 agencies are involved in some sort of statistical activity. It is the sole mission of 11 agencies.
These statistics are compiled because Congress has directed these agencies to compile and disseminate such statistics in order to execute programs these agencies administer… to fulfill various legal and public policy requirements. Some of these agencies such as the Census Bureau date back to the earliest years of the United States.
After the Census Bureau, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics is the next prolific producer. It compiles data and statistics dealing primarily with labor economics, including consumer spending, wages and earnings, unemployment, employment costs, and productivity. Major statistical series include:
Consumer Price Index (CPI). Provides monthly data on changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services.
Current Employment Statistics – CES (National). Provides detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls
Import/Export Price Indexes. Contains data on changes in the prices of nonmilitary goods and services traded between the U.S. and the rest of the world.
Producer Price Indexes (PPI). Measures the average change over time in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. The prices included in the PPI are from the first commercial transaction for many products and some services.
State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, and Earnings. Provides detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls for all 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and about 400 metropolitan areas and divisions.
Wages by Area and Occupation. Bureau of Labor Statistics wage data by geographical regions and occupations.
Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). U.S. Depart of Commerce. Produces and collects economic accounts statistics on the national economy in key areas such as economic growth, regional economic development, interindustry relationships, the Nation's position in the world economy, etc.
Bureau of Justice Statistics (DJS). U.S. Department of Justice. Contains statistics about crime and victims, drugs and crime, the criminal justice system, etc.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). Research and Innovative Technology Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Contains statistics on air transportation, border crossing and entry data, freight data and statistics, and other transportation related data.
Economic Research Service (ERS). U.S. Department of Agriculture. Conducts research, commodity market projections, and outlook analyses, and develops economic and statistical indicators in the following areas: farming and farm households, commodity markets, agricultural trade, food and consumer economics, nutrition and feeding programs, natural resources and the environment, and the domestic rural economy.
National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). U.S. Department of Agriculture. Contains statistics on U.S. agriculture including production and supplies of food and fiber, prices paid and received by farmers, farm labor and wages, farm finances, chemical use, etc.
National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). U.S. Department of Education. Collects, analyzes and makes available data related to education in the U.S. and other nations.
National Center for Health Statistics (HHS). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Provides US public health statistics including diseases, pregnancies, births, aging, and mortality.
Tax Statistics. Statistics of Income Division. U.S. Department of Treasury. Internal Revenue Service. Contains tables, data, etc. on tax information.
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). U.S. Department of Energy. Contains statistics on energy sources, consumption, and related topics.
Besides the Federal agencies listed above there are over 100 others that are involved in some sort of statistical activity. FedStat provides access these agencies. It provides links for Federal Agencies that are listed in the Statistical Programs of The United States Government and reported expenditures of at least $500,000 per year in one or more statistical activities including collection, data analysis, statistical tabulation, training, etc. [About FedStats]
American Statistics Index (ASI).
Index | Microfiche | Online
Indexes federal agency statistical publications. OSU Libraries has the paper indices from 1975-2008 and the microfiche from 1960-2009. The indices contain two parts: the index and the abstract. The microfiche contains the excerpted statistics. Online coverage is available thru Proquest Statistical Insight starting in 1973. OhioLINK membership required for access is required to use the online version.
Data Set Archives: From Government Agencies and Social Science Repositories. (Purdue University. Purdue University Libraries)
Data sets and archival materials from government agencies, etc.
Links to statistical resources of the Federal government by topic.
FedStats is useful for browsing broad topics. You can also use it to identify agencies publishing the most information on your topic.
Guides – U.S. Government Documents: Statistics. (University of Pennsylvania. Penn Libraries)
Links to various statistical resources arranged in broad categories including the weather.
Guide to U.S. Government Statistics. McLean, VA.: Documents Index.
LAW | OSU Libraries | OhioLink
Annotated guide to nearly 20,000 publications. It includes agency, title, area, and subject indexes. Most of the publications listed in this volume are available either at OSU Libraries or in other OhioLink Libraries.
LibGuides: US Government Statistical Agency Websites. (Purdue University. Purdue University Libraries)
Links to various statistical resources arranged alphabetically by agency.
Statistics & Data for the Social Sciences: A Guide: Source: U.S. Government. (Tulane University. Howard-Tilton Memorial Library)
Links to various statistical resources arranged in broad categories
U.S. Government – Statistics. (Monmouth University Library)
Links to various statistical resources arranged in broad categories.
About FedStats. (FedStats) Provides access to the full range of official statistical information produced by the Federal Government without having to know in advance which Federal agency produces which particular statistic.