The Black Panther Party (BPP), original name Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, was founded in 1966 in Oakland, California, by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. The Party’s purpose was outlined, the following year, in the “Ten Point Platform and Program” which focused on decent housing, ending poverty, equal education, free healthcare, halting mass incarceration, self-determination, stopping police brutality. By 1970, the Party had chapters in several U.S. cities including: Berkeley, Chicago, Cleveland, Los Angeles, New Haven, New York, Peoria, Seattle, and Winston-Salem. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover began a counter-intelligence program to “neutralize” the Black Panthers and other African American Civil Rights groups and individuals.
"The Black Panther Party : Peace and Power,” Thompson Library showcase display, presents a historical overview of the Party’s Civil Rights legacy. This display examines the Black Panther Party’s history of social activism through artifacts, biographies, histories, and memoirs.
A SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
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Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press, 2012.
Alkebulan, Paul. Survival Pending Revolution: The History of The Black Panther Party. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2007.
Anthony, Earl. Spitting In The Wind: The True Story Behind The Violent Legacy of The Black Panther Party. Santa Monica: Roundtable Pub., 1989.
Anthony, Earl. Picking Up The Gun: A Report on The Black Panthers. New York: Dial Press, 1970.
Aptheker, Bettina. The Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela Davis, 2nd. ed. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999.
Arend, Orissa. Showdown in Desire: The Black Panthers Take a Stand in New Orleans. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2009.
Araiza, Lauren. To March for Others: The Black Freedom Struggle and the United Farm Workers. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.
Arlen, Michael J. An American Verdict. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1973.
Ashman, Charles R. The People vs. Angela Davis. New York: Pinnacle Books, 1972.
Austin, Curtis J. Up Against The Wall: Violence In The Making and Unmaking of The Black Panther Party. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2006.
Baruch, Ruth-Marion. Black Panthers, 1968. Los Angeles: Greybull Press, 2002.
Baruch, Ruth-Marion. The Vanguard: A Photographic Essay on The Black Panthers. Boston: Beacon Press, 1970.
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Boyd, Herb and Lance Tooks. Black Panthers: For Beginners. Danbury, CN: For Beginners, 2015.
Bracey, John H, Sonia Sanchez, and James Smethurst. SOS -- Calling All Black People: A Black Arts Movement Reader. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2015.
Burke, Lucas N.N. and Judson L. Jeffries. The Portland Black Panthers: Empowering Albina and Remaking a City. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2016.
Carmichael, Stokely and Charles V. Hamilton. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America. New York: Random House, 1967.
Carson, Clayborne. In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Chapman, Abraham. Black Voices: An Anthology of Afro-American Literature. New York: New American Library, 1968.
Churchill, Ward and Jim Vander Wall. Agents Of Repression: The FBI's Secret War Against The Black Panther Party And The American Indian Movement. Boston: South End Press, 1988.
Cleaver, Eldridge. Soul on Ice. New York: Delta Trade Paperbacks, 1999.
Cleaver, Kathleen, and George N. Katsiaficas, eds. Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy. New York: Routledge. 2001.
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Douglas, Emory. Black Panther: The Revolutionary Art of Emory Douglas. New York: Rizzoli, 2007.
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Foner, Philip S., ed. The Black Panthers Speak. New York: De Capo Press, 1995.
Freed, Donald. Agony in New Haven: The Trial of Bobby Seale, Ericka Huggins, and the Black Panther Party. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1973.
Haas, Jeffrey. The Assassination Of Fred Hampton: How The FBI And The Chicago Police Murdered A Black Panther. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2009.
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Hilliard, David, ed. The Black Panther: Intercommunal News Service. New York: Atria Books, 2007.
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Hilliard, David and Donald Weise, eds. The Huey P. Newton Reader. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002.
Jackson, George. Blood in My Eye. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1990.
Jackson, George. Soledad Brother: The Prison Letters of George Jackson. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 2006.
James, Joy, ed. The Angela Y. Davis Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 1998.
Jeffries, Judson L., ed. Black Power in the Belly of the Beast. Urbana: University of Illinois, 2006.
Jeffries, Judson L., ed. Comrades: A Local History of the Black Panther Party. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2007.
Jeffries, Judson L. Huey P. Newton: The Radical Theorist. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2002.
Jeffries, Judson L., ed. On the Ground: The Black Panther Party in Communities Across America. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2010.
Johnson, Jacqueline, and Richard Gallin, eds. Stokely Carmichael: The Story of Black Power. Parsippany, NY: Silver Burdett. 1990.
Jones, Charles E., ed. The Black Panther Party Reconsidered. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1998.
Joseph, Jamal. Panther Baby: A Life Of Rebellion And Reinvention. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2012.
Joseph, Peniel E. Waiting ‘til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2006.
Keating, Edward M. Free Huey! Berkeley: Ramparts Press, 1971.
King, Woodie and Earl Anthony. Black Poets and Prophets: The Theory, Practice, and Esthetics of the Pan-Africanist Revolution. New York: New American Library, 1972.
Lazerow, Jama and Yohuru Williams, eds. In Search of the Black Panther Party: New Perspectives on a Revolutionary Movement. Durham: Duke University Press, 2006.
Major, Reginald. Justice In The Round: The Trial of Angela Davis. New York: Third Press, 1973.
Major, Reginald. A Panther Is A Black Cat. New York: W. Morrow, 1971.
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Murch, Donna Jean. Living For The City: Migration, Education, And The Rise of the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
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Nelson, Alondra. Body and Soul: The Black Panther Party and the Fight Against Medical Discrimination. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011.
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Williams, Jakobi. From The Bullet To The Ballot: The Illinois Chapter of The Black Panther Party And Racial Coalition Politics in Chicago. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.
Williams, Robert F. Negroes with Guns. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998.
Williams, Yohuru. Black Politics/White Power: Civil Rights, Black Power and the Black Panthers in New Haven. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2008.
Williams, Yohuru, ed. Liberated Territory: Untold Local Perspectives on the Black Panther Party. Duke: University Press, 2008.
Wood, John A. The Panthers and The Militias: Brothers Under The Skin? Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2002.
LETA HENDRICKS, April 2017