Welcome to the Citation Help Guide! Within this guide, you will find information and examples regarding a variety of citation styles and an introduction to several citation management software programs. When writing, we want our readers to be able to trace the conversation we are having with our audience and other writers. Clear citations signal where we found information that we refer to within our writing. If citations are not included, you send the incorrect message that all the information in your writing is yours alone, and your work will lack academic integrity.
Citation handbooks provide guides to different styles of citation. What style you use will depend on what discipline you are in; if you are unsure, ask your instructor or the Thompson Reference Staff.
If you are still having trouble after exploring this guide, check out the Choosing and Using Sources: A Guide to Academic Research’s chapter on how to cite sources or Ask Us!
If you need help with your research for a first- or second-year writing class, including finding articles, organizing your research, citing your sources, or any other research need, please feel free to make an appointment with a librarian for assistance. Go to libanswers.osu.edu and use the contact information there to call, email, or chat with a library team member. Make sure to let them know what class you're in!
The University Writing Center staff assists students, faculty, and staff with writing and research at any stage of the writing process. During sessions consultants can work with you on any project, assignment, or work-related writing you may be composing or revising. Sessions are offered both in-person and online. Drop-in, in-person sessions are offered in Thompson Library during the academic year. Please visit the Writing Center's website for more information.
Academic research writing—whether undertaken by students or senior faculty—must adhere to federal guidelines outlining the nature and scope of intellectual property, copyright, and fair use. The resources below—particularly the Copyright Guide for Students prepared by the Copyright Resources Center of the Ohio State University Libraries—provide you with invaluable information about both your rights and responsibilities as a creator and user of copyrighted materials. Remember, copyright extends beyond the written page (e.g., literary or non-fiction works we read as books or articles) and can include musical and dramatic works; choreography; pictorial, graphic, and artistic works such as paintings, sculptures, and architectural designs and works; and videos, films, and audio or sound productions.