Veterinary Medicine

Tools to help locate and use information in the veterinary sciences.

Sources to help you search for and acquire different levels of veterinary evidence.


Summaries integrate the best available evidence to provide a range of evidence about management options for a given health problem.


Evidence Syntheses, such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses, support clinical decision-making by summarizing the available evidence on a clinical topic through a formal search and appraisal of the primary research.

Synopses of Studies

Synopses of Studies are evidence-based abstracts of primary studies.


Clinical studies are primary reports of specific clinical studies.  These bibliographic databases also include review articles, expert opinion, in vitro and comarative studies. 

Expert Opinion, Review Articles, Textbooks

Books and more in the OSU Libraries catalog

Select the search type from the dropdown menu and enter your search words.


Veterinary Levels of Evidence

Image of the evidence pyramid

Adapted from: Fricke, S. (2015). A Revised Evidence Pyramid for Veterinary Clinical Resources paper. Presented at the EBVMA Symposium. Retrieved from


What is EBVM? [Internet]. EBVM LEARNING. [cited 2018 Aug 17]. Available from:
Fricke S. A Revised Evidence Pyramid for Veterinary Clinical Resources paper. In Proceedings of the 2015 EBVMA Symposium [cited 2018 Aug 16]. Available from:
McKenzie B. Evidence-based veterinary medicine: What is it and why does it matter? Equine Veterinary Education. 2014 Sep 1;26(9):451–2 [cited 2018 Aug 16].  Available from:
EBVM Toolkit [Internet]. RCVS Knowledge. [cited 2016 Jun 15]. Available from: