Africana Studies

A Guide to African, African American, and Africans in the Diaspora Resources

Oxford African American Studies Center

Oxford African American Studies Center  A digital compendium of historical and cultural Africa, African American, and Africans in the Diaspora resources. 

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Race Man

Mr. Lee B. Hendricks

Lee Berry Hendricks, 1939

"Race man or Race woman is a loyal member of the Black Race who dedicate their life to directly contributing to the betterment of Black people. 2. Race men and Race women remain consistently confrontational with the ideas, people, institutions, and/or nations that threaten the well-being of the Black (Afrikan) Race." October 14, 2011

From: Definition of a race man and race woman - Assata Shakur

Decommissioned website --

W.E.B. Du Bois

February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963

Dr. William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was a noted scholar, editor, and African American activist. Du Bois was a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)-- the largest and oldest civil rights organization in America). Throughout his life Du Bois fought discrimination and racism. He made significant contributions to debates about race, politics, and history in the United States in the first half of the 20th century, primarily through his writing and impassioned speaking on race relations. Du Bois also served as editor of The Crisis magazine and published several scholarly works on race and African American history. By the time he died, in 1963, he had written 17 books, edited four journals and played a key role in reshaping black-white relations in America. 

Selected Bibliography


Du Bois, W.E.B. The Souls of Black Folk: Essays and Sketches.Chicago: A. C. McClurg, 1903.

Du Bois, W.E.B. The Autobiography of W.E.B. Du Bois: A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of Its First Century. New York: International, 1968.

Du Bois, W.E.B. W.E.B. Du Bois Writings: The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade / The Souls of Black Folk / Dusk of Dawn / Essays and Articles. New York: Library of America, 1986.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., ed. The Oxford W. E. B. Du Bois. 19 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Sundquist, Eric J., ed. The Oxford W. E. B. Du Bois Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

  Biography and Criticism

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. Lines of Descent: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Emergence of Identity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Broderick, Francis L. W. E. B. Du Bois: Negro Leader in a Time of Crisis. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1959.

Clarke, John Henrik, et al., eds, Black Titan: W.E.B. Du Bois. Boston: Beacon Press, 1970.

Crouch, Stanley and Playthell Benjamin. Reconsidering The Souls of Black Folk:Thoughts on the Groundbreaking Classic Work of W.E.B. Du Bois. Philadelphia: Running Press, 2003.

Du Bois, Shirley Graham. His Day is Marching On: A Memoir of W.E.B. Du Bois. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1971.

Horne, Gerald, ed. W.E.B. Du Bois: An Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001.

Hubbard, Dolan, ed. The Souls of Black Folk: One Hundred Years Later. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2003.

Lewis, David Levering. W. E. B. Du Bois: A Biography. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 2009.

Marable, Manning. W. E. B. Du Bois: Black Radical Democrat. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers, 2005.

Meier, August. Negro Thought in America, 1880–1915: Racial Ideologies in the Age of Booker T. Washington. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992.

Rabaka, Reiland. Du Bois's Dialectics: Black Radical Politics and the Reconstruction of Critical Social Theory. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2009.

Rampersad, Arnold. The Art and Imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois. Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 1976.

Rudwick, Elliott M. W.E.B. Du Bois, Propagandist of the Negro Protest. New York: Atheneum, 1968.

Shaw, Stephanie J. W. E. B. Du Bois and "The Souls of Black Folk." Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

Zamir, Shamoon, ed. The Cambridge Companion to W.E.B. Du Bois. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Ida B. Wells-Barnett

Ida B. Wells-Barnett

July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931

Selected Bibliography

Bay, Mia. To Tell the Truth Freely: The Life of Ida B. Wells. New York: Hill and Wang, 2010.

Davis, Elizabeth L., McKoy S. Smith, and S. J. Brown. The Story of the Illinois Federation of Colored Women's Clubs. New York: G.K. Hall, 1997.

DuRocher, Kristina. Ida B. Wells: Social Activist and Reformer. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2016.

Giddings, Paula. Ida: A Sword Among Lions: Ida B. Wells and the Campaign Against Lynching. New York: Amistad, 2009.

Robbins, Hollis, and Henry L. Gates. The Portable Nineteenth-Century African American Women Writers. New York: Penguin Books, 2017.

Schechter, Patricia A. Ida B. Wells-Barnett and American Reform, 1880-1930. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Silkey, Sarah L. Black Woman Reformer: Ida B. Wells, Lynching, and Transatlantic Activism. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2015.

Sims, Angela D. Ethical Complications of Lynching: Ida B. Wells' Interrogation of American Terror. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Wells, Ida B. Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. Wells. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Wells, Ida B. The Memphis Diary of Ida B. Wells: An Intimate Portrait of the Activist as a Young Woman. Boston: Beacon Press, 1995.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Ida: in Her Own Words: The Timeless Writings of Ida B. Wells from 1893. Chicago: Benjamin Williams Pub, 2008.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. The Light of Truth: Writings of an Anti-Lynching Crusader. New York: Penguin Books, 2014.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. and Jacqueline J. Royster. Southern Horrors and Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900. Boston: Bedford Books, 2016.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968

Selected Bibliography 


King, Martin L., Jr. and Clayborne Carson. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Intellectual Properties Management, 2009.

King, Martin L., Jr. A Gift of Love: Sermons from Strength to Love and Other Preachings. Boston: Beacon, 2012.

King, Martin L., Jr. and Cornel West. The Radical King. Boston: Beacon Press, 2015.

King, Martin L., Jr.  Strength to Love. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2010.

King, Martin L., Jr.  Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story. Boston: Beacon, 2010.

King, Martin L., Jr. and James M. Washington. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. San Francisco: HarperOne, 2004.

King, Martin L., Jr. Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? Boston: Beacon Press, 2010.

King, Martin L., Jr. Why We Can't Wait. Boston: Beacon Press, 2010.

  Biography and Criticism

Anderson, Ho C. King. Seattle: Fantagraphics, 2005.

Bennett, Lerone. What Manner of Man: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Chicago: Johnson Pub. Co, 1968.

Branch, Taylor. The King Years: Historic Moments in the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2013.

Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Branch, Taylor. Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years, 1963-65. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999.

Dyson, Michael E. April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King Jr.'s Death and Transformation of America. New York: Basic Books, 2008.

Garrow, David J. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: Quill, 1999.

Garrow, David J. Protest at Selma: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979.

Gates, Henry L. and Kevin M. Burke. And Still I Rise: Black America Since MLK. New York: Ecco, 2015.

King, Coretta S. and Barbara Reynolds. Coretta, My Life, My Love, My Legacy. New York: Picador, 2018.

Lewis, John. and Michael D'Orso. Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement. New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2015. 

Gwendolyn Brooks

June 7, 1917 – December 3, 2000

Selected Bibliography 


Brooks, Gwendolyn. Annie Allen. New York: Harper, 1975.

Brooks, Gwendolyn. The Bean Eaters. New York: Harper, 1977.

Brooks, Gwendolyn. Maud Martha. Chicago: Third World Press, 1993.

Brooks, Gwendolyn. Report from Part One: An Autobiography. Detroit: Broadside Press, 1972.

Brooks, Gwendolyn. Report from Part Two. Chicago: Third World Press, 1996.

Brooks, Gwendolyn. Selected Poems. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 2010.

Brooks, Gwendolyn. Winnie. Chicago: Third World Press, 1996.

Brooks, Gwendolyn and Elizabeth Alexander. The Essential Gwendolyn Brooks. Library of America, 2006.

Brooks, Gwendolyn and Faith Ringgold. Bronzeville Boys and Girls. New York: Amistad, 2015.


Chapman, Abraham, ed. Black Voices: An Anthology of Afro-American Literature. New York: New American Library, 1968.

Gates, Henry Louis Jr., ed. et al. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature, 3rd ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2014. 

Giovanni, Nikki, ed. The 100 Best African American Poems. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks MediaFusion; 1 Har/Com edition, 2010.

Hill, Patricia L., ed. Call and Response: The Riverside Anthology of the African American Literary Tradition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2009.

Randall, Dudley, ed. The Black Poets. New York: Bantam Books, 1985.

  Biography and Criticism

Jackson, Angela. Surprised Queenhood in the New Black Sun: The Life & Legacy of Gwendolyn Brooks. Boston: Beacon, 2017.

Lansana, Quraysh A, Georgia A. Popoff, and Sonia Sanchez. The Whiskey of Our Discontent: Gwendolyn Brooks as Conscience and Change Agent. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2017.

Page, Yolanda W. Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2007.


Muhammad Ali

January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016 

Selected Bibliography

Muhammad Ali and Richard Durham. The Greatest: My Own Story. New York: Random House, 1975.

Ali, Muhammad, and George Lois. Ali Rap: Muhammad Ali The First Heavyweight Champion of Rap. New York: ESPN Books, 2006.

Balterman, Lee, Howard L. Bingham, Neil Leifer, and Hana Ali. Greatest of All Time: A Tribute to Muhammad Ali. Köln: Taschen, 2010.

Early, Gerald L. The Muhammad Ali Reader. Hopewell, NJ: Ecco Press, 1998. 

Ellis, Warren, and Darick Robertson. Superman vs. Muhammad Ali Deluxe. Marblehead: DC Comics, 2014.

Hauser, Thomas. Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991.

Mailer, Norman. The Fight. Boston: Little, Brown, 1975.

Montville, Leigh. Sting Like a Bee: Muhammad Ali vs. the United States of America, 1966-1971. New York: Doubleday, 2017.

Reed, Ishmael. The Complete Muhammad Ali. Montréal: Baraka Books, 2015.

Roberts, Randy, and Johnny Smith. Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X. New York: Basic Books, 2016.

Zirin, Dave. Muhammad Ali Handbook. London: MQ Publications, 2007.

African American and African Studies Librarian and Comparative Studies Librarian

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