Africana Studies

A Guide to African, African American, and Africans in the Diaspora Resources

Oxford African American Studies Center

Oxford African American Studies Center  A digital compendium of historical and cultural Africa, African American, and Africans in the Diaspora resources. 

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The Uprising




The Ohio State University student protests of the Sixties and Seventies were crucial to the establishment of The Department African American and African Studies,  Department of African American and African Studies Community Extension Center, Department of Women's, Gender and Sexuality Studies, The Office of Diversity and Inclusion, The Frank W. Hale Black Cultural Center, and other academic offices addressing the social concerns of diverse campus communities.




Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) addresses crowd s during the March On Washington at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington DC, where he delivered the “I Have A Dream' ”speech.

<<Like anybody, I would like to live a long life.

Longevity has its place.

But I'm not concerned about that now.

I just want to do God's will.

And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain.

And I've looked over.

And I've seen the promised land.

I may not get there with you.

But I want you to know tonight,

that we, as a people will get to the promised land.>>

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr

I've Been To The Mountaintop,

Memphis, Tennessee  April 3, 1968


Rev. Dr. King's Assassination

On April 4, 1968, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was killed by a sniper's bullet while standing on the second-floor balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. His death spurred social justice protests across the globe.


Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968

Selected Bibliography 


American Media Specials. Martin Luther King Junior: The Hero Whose Dream Changed America. New York: American Media, Inc., 2018.

The Atlantic Magazine. The Atlantic Magazine Presents Martin Luther King Jr. 1929-1968. New York: The Atlantic Magazine, 2018.

Centennial Entertainment. American Collector's Special Issue Martin Luther King Jr.  The Enduring Legacy of The American Dream. New York: Centennial Entertainment, 2018.

D’Angelo, Roe. Martin Luther King Jr. 50 Years Later His Life and Legacy. New York: Time Inc. Books, 2018.

Future Publishing. All About History Book of the Civil Rights Movement. Bath, UK: Future Publishing Limited, 2018.

Johnson, Charles. Martin Luther King Jr. 50 Years Later A Leader Remembered. New York: Time Inc. Books, 2018.

Terry, Brandon M., Barbara Ransby, Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, and Bernard E. Harcourt. Fifty Years Since MLK. Cambridge: Boston Review, 2017.

Vanity Fair and The New Yorker. Martin Luther King 50 Years Later His Life and Legacy, 1929-1968. New York: Conde Nast Special Editions, 2018.

  Biography and Writings

Bennett, Lerone. What Manner of Man: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Chicago: Johnson Pub. Co, 1968.

Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Dyson, Michael E. April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King Jr.'s Death and Transformation of America. New York: Basic Books, 2008.

Garrow, David J. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: Quill, 1999.

Gates, Henry L. and Kevin M. Burke. And Still I Rise: Black America Since MLK. New York: Ecco, 2015.

King, Coretta S. and Barbara Reynolds. Coretta, My Life, My Love, My Legacy. New York: Picador, 2018.

King, Martin L., Jr. and Cornel West. The Radical King. Boston: Beacon Press, 2015.

King, Martin L., Jr. and James M. Washington. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. San Francisco: HarperOne, 2004.

Lewis, John. and Michael D'Orso. Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement. New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2015. 


The Black Student Union (BSU) at The Ohio State University (OSU) was founded in 1968. BSU was the first African American student organization to develop as a response to OSU policies regarding minority students, and began protests in an effort to bring the University into a position that was more accommodating to the largely heretofore ignored needs of minority students. On April 26, 1968, more than 75 members of the Black Student Union staged a “lock-in” blocking access to the university business office.  The students demanded open off-campus housing, the hiring of more minority faculty, and the teaching of courses on African-American history and culture.  University officials brought criminal charges against 34 students who participated in the demonstration.

More than a year of legal and political wrangling finally came to an end in July 1969. In a plea-bargained settlement brokered by Judge Thomas Mitchell, reportedly with behind-the-scenes support from Governor Rhodes and the Ohio State Bar Association, charges against six students were dismissed entirely. Six other students pleaded guilty to trespassing only. Ten students pleaded guilty to trespassing and making menacing threats. The cases of two students who were out of town were referred to a different court and eventually dropped. Jail time in all cases was suspended. Fines for trespassing cases were limited to $10 each, and fines in the menacing threats cases were limited to $250 each. In addition, the defendants signed a “statement of regret” for their treatment of Vice President Gordon Carson and his staff. They were also put on probation for two years and required to pay court costs.



The OSU 34

OSU 34

Carmen Collection: The OSU 34

<< In April 1968, a meeting was scheduled with BSU members and university administrators to discuss discriminatory housing practices and the lack of black faculty and course content at the university. After a white driver ordered four BSU members off a campus bus for discussing issues of the day, the meeting became increasingly contentious and ultimately resulted in a take over of the university administration building by what became known as the OSU34. Here, four participants share their stories of that day, the fallout and outcomes that followed, and their return to campus 50 years later to mark that momentous event.>>



In celebration of the 50th Anniversary of The Ohio State University Office of Diversity and Inclusion (ODI), ODI has selected the OSU 34 as inaugural inductees into the ODI Hall of Fame.

"A group of Black Student Union members, the OSU 34 were charged with trespassing and other crimes in the aftermath of the takeover of the main administrative building on the Oval on April 26, 1968. While eight members of the group would be expelled by the university, the students' demands that day changed Ohio State forever."



Selected Bibliography

Adichie, Chimamanda N. We Should All Be Feminists. New York: Anchor Books, 2015.

Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, rev. ed. New York: The New Press, 2010.

Anderson, Carol. White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of Our Racial Divide. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017.

Baldwin, James and Raoul Peck. I Am Not Your Negro: A Major Motion Picture Directed by Raoul Peck. New York: Vintage Books, 2017.

Bennett, Michael and Dave Zirin. Things That Make White People Uncomfortable. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2018.

Chang, Jeff. We Gon' Be Alright: Notes on Race and Resegregation. New York Picador, 2016.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2015.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. We Were Eight Years in Power - An American Tragedy. New York: One World, 2017.

Cooper, Brittney C. Eloquent Rage: A Black Feminist Discovers Her Superpower. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2018.

Davis, Angela J. Policing the Black Man: Arrest, Prosecution, and Imprisonment. New York: Pantheon Books, 2017.

Davis, Angela Y. and Frank Barat. Freedom Is a Constant Struggle: Ferguson, Palestine, and the Foundations of a Movement. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2016.

Du Bois, W. E. B. Writings: The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade; the Souls of Black Folk; Dusk of Dawn; Essays and Articles. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, 1986.

Dyson, Michael E. The Black Presidency: Barack Obama and the Politics of Race in America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2017.

Forman, James. Locking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2018.

Fulton, Sybrina and Tracy Martin. Rest in Power: The Enduring Life of Trayvon Martin. New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2017.

Gay, Roxane. Bad Feminist: Essays. New York: Harper Perennial, 2014.

Hill, Marc L. Nobody: Casualties of America's War on the Vulnerable, from Ferguson to Flint and Beyond. New York: Atria Books, 2017.

Jeffries, Bayyinah S. "Race Relations in Higher Education: The Case of the OSU 34." Ohio Valley History, vol. 19 no. 4, 2019, p. 45-71.

Kendi, Ibram X. Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America. New York: Nation Books, 2016.

Khan-Cullors, Patrisse and Asha Bandele. When They Call You a Terrorist: A Black Lives Matter Memoir. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2018.

Lebron, Christopher J. The Making of Black Lives Matter: A Brief History of an Idea. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Lowery, Wesley. They Can't Kill Us All: Ferguson, Baltimore, and a New Era in America's Racial Justice Movement. Little Brown & Company, 2017.

Moore, Wes. The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates. New York: Spiegel & Grau Trade Paperbacks, 2017.

Morris, Monique W. Pushout: The Criminalization of Black Girls in Schools. New York: The New Press, 2016.

Oluo, Ijeoma. So You Want to Talk About Race. New York: Seal Press, 2018.

Rothstein, Richard. The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America. New York: Liveright Publishing, 2017.

Taibbi, Matt. I Can't Breathe: A Killing on Bay Street. New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2017.

Taylor, Keeanga-Yamahtta. From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2016.

Ward, Jesmyn. Fire This Time: A New Generation Speaks About Race. New York: Scribner, 2016.


African American and African Studies Librarian and Comparative Studies Librarian

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Leta Hendricks
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