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Africana Studies

Guide to Africana Studies Resources


Juneteenth Flag


Juneteenth is an annual holiday commemorating the end of slavery in the United States. On June 19, 1865 Major General Gordon Granger and Union forces landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the Union won the Ciivil War and slavery ended.


General Orders, Number 3; Headquarters District of Texas, Galveston, June 19, 1865

“The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.” 

President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863, abolishing slavery in the Confederacy, had taken effect two-and-a-half years before, but slavery still existed in isolated parts of the United States.

Juneteenth Resources

What Is Juneteenth? by Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

The Historical Legacy of Juneteenth

12 Things You Might Not Know About Juneteenth by Stacy Conradt


African American and African Studies Librarian, Anthropology Librarian, and Comparative Studies Librarian

Leta Hendricks's picture
Leta Hendricks
222B Thompson Library 1858 Neil Avenue Columbus, OH 43210